SS Deutschland (1923)

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SS Deutschland (1923).jpg
The SS Deutschland
History
Weimar Republic
NameSS Deutschland
OwnerHamburg-America Line
Port of registryGermany
RouteHamburg to New York
Ordered1921
BuilderBlohm & Voss, Kommandit Ges auf Aktien, Hamburg, Germany
Launched28 April 1923
Maiden voyage27 March 1924
HomeportHamburg, Germany
FateTransferred to the Kriegsmarine in 1940.
Notes
  • Paintwork:
  • black hull
  • red boot-topping
  • upper works white
  • funnels buff with red, white and black tops
Nazi Germany
NameSS Deutschland
Acquired1940
FateCapsized and sank on 3 May 1945 as a result of a British air attack.
General characteristics
Class and typeOcean liner
TypeSteamship
Tonnage21,046 gross tons
Length196.6 m overall
Beam22 m
Depth12.8 m
Decks4
Installed power8 steam turbines
PropulsionTwin screw
Speed20 knots
Complement976 passengers
Crew422 officers and crew

SS Deutschland[note 1] was a 21,046 gross registered ton (GRT) German HAPAG ocean liner which was sunk in a British air attack on May 3, 1945 when it was in the process of being converted as a hospital ship. All people on board the Deutschland survived the attack, though two accompanying vessels sank with great loss of life.

Commissioning[edit]

One of a group of four ships that included the SS Albert Ballin, SS Hamburg, and SS New York, the Deutschland was launched on 28 April 1923. She began her maiden voyage on 27 March 1924, to Southampton and then on to New York City. The turbine-powered ship had a speed of 14.5 knots; she was later re-engined with larger-geared turbines in 1929, with service speed increased to 19 knots. This gave the ship a seven-day passage across the Atlantic.

On 11 November 1933, Deutschland collided with the American cargo ship SS Munargo in New York Harbor. Munargo suffered severe damage and was beached north of Bedloe's Island,[1] but was refloated on 18 November 1933.[2]

Second World War[edit]

In 1940, Deutschland became an accommodation ship for the German Navy at Gotenhafen. In 1945, on seven Baltic voyages as part of Operation Hannibal, she carried 70,000 refugees from the German eastern territories to the west.

Sinking[edit]

In April 1945, she began being converted into a hospital ship. An attempt was made to paint the vessel white, but there was only sufficient paint available to paint her funnels white, and to paint a Red Cross on one side of one of her funnels. Subsequently, on 3 May 1945, she was attacked by British RAF squadrons three times, and capsized and sank in the Bay of Lübeck off Neustadt, but everyone aboard survived. A fourth British air attack that day sank the SS Cap Arcona and the Thielbek, with great loss of life.[3][4]

In 1949, the wreck was raised and scrapped.

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Sometimes called Deutschland IV to distinguish from others of the name

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (46606). London. 20 November 1933. col G, p. 19.
  2. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (46607). London. 21 November 1933. col F, p. 23.
  3. ^ Roy Nesbit: Cap Arcona: atrocity or accident?, Aeroplane Monthly, June 1984.
  4. ^ Heinz Schön: Die Cap Arcona-Katastrophe. Eine Dokumentation nach Augenzeugen-Berichten. Motorbuch-Verlag, Stuttgart 1989, ISBN 3-613-01270-7."